ERA5 reanalysis data
Documentation of the ERA5 archive at GFI
GFI is building up an archive of ERA5 reanalysis data on the local linux system cyclone.hpc.uib.no. ERA5 supersedes the ERA-Interim reanalysis data, which ended in August 2019. More information about the ERA5 reanalysis data set is available at ECMWF's ERA5 websites.
The ERA5 data files are available in a CF-compatible netCDF format on cyclone.hpc.uib.no and other computers that mount the UiB linux system at
At GFI, we share the data format with the Atmospheric Dynamics group at IAC, ETH Zürich, Switzerland; the LSDP group at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany; and the Dynamical Meteorology Group, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. The data are organised as follows
ml/ 3-hourly data on a regular 0.5 deg lat-lon grid, with model-level and pressure level files (see below) pl/ pressure level data following the format of ERA-interim. pl_tendencies/ diabatic temperature tendencies on pressure levels, following the format of ERA-interim. pv2/ Data on the PV2-surface following the format of ERA-interim. sfc/ Single-level data following the format of ERA-interim. slope/ Isentropic slope data and its tendencies following the format of ERA-interim
Data in the ml-folder are contained in subdirectories for each year and month:
where yyyy is the year, mm the two-digit month, dd the two-digit day, and hh the two-digit hours, and Bxxx, Hxxx, Pxxx, Zxxx are different file types, as described in the table below.
Until now, the years 1999-2018 have been retrieved, the period will successively be extended back to 1979, and forward in time.
Data in the pl_*, sfc, pv2 and slope-folders is organised in one file per month, variable and level, for example:
This data is completely available for 1979-2020.
The data files contain the following variables:
|ERA5 data files|
|Variables||T, Q, U, V, OMEGA, LWC, IWC, RWC, SWC||LSP, CP, SF, SSHF, SLHF, BLH, TCC, U10M, V10M, MSL, PS, SSTK||Z, T, Q, U, V||Z||PS, MSL, TCC, U10M, V10M, SSTK, CI, D2M, T2M, TCW, TCWV, VIWVD, E, MN2T, MX2T, SI, TTR, TTRC, WG10, LSP, CP, SF, SSHF, SLHF, BLH|
|Levels||40-137||-||900, 850, 800, 700, 600, 500, 400, 300, 250, 200, 100 hPa||1000, 975, 950, 925, 900, 875, 850, 825, 800, 775, 750, 700, 650, 600, 550, 500, 450, 400, 350, 300, 250, 225, 200, 175, 150, 125, 100, 70, 50, 30, 20, 10, 70, 5, 3, 2, 1 hPa||-|
|Times available||00, 03, 06, 09, 12, 15, 18, 21 UTC|
Note that the variables LSP, CP, SF, SSHF, SLHF, and BLH are derived as prognostic variables from the short-range forecast. Data valid at 00, 03, 06, 09 UTC are 06, 09, 12, 15 h forecast of the 18 UTC forecast of the previous day. Accordingly, data valid at 12, 15, 18, 21 UTC are 06, 09, 12, 15 h forecast of the 06 UTC forecast. The prognostic variables are accumulated over the previous 1 h.
Please see ECMWF ERA5 data documentation for parameter abbreviations.
The folder slope contains the following variables (see Papritz and Spengler, 2015, for further details on meaning of variables):
|slope||Slope of isentropic surface||S = abs(gradθz)||m m-1||Instantaneous|
|tilt||Tendency in slope due to tilting||gradθz /S · gradθ wid||m m-1 s-1||Instantaneous|
|diab||Tendency in slope due to diabatic heating||-dz/dθ gradθz /S · gradθ (dθ/dt)||m m-1 s-1||Accumulated over 6-hour period centred on instantaneous time step|
|iadv||Tendency in slope due to isentropic advection||u · gradθS||m m-1 s-1||Instantaneous|
|w_ci||Cross isentropic vertical velocity||w - wiu||m s-1||Instantaneous|
|mask_slope||Combination of masks from slope, diab and tilt||-||0-1||Instantaneous|
Conditions of use: When using the ERA5 data from this archive please make sure to reference "Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) (2017): ERA5: Fifth generation of ECMWF atmospheric reanalyses of the global climate. Copernicus Climate Change Service Climate Data Store (CDS), date of citation" and acknowledge "ECMWF for providing ERA-5 data“. Also, please acknowledge "Michael Sprenger (ETH Zurich)“ for the support in providing the data.